10 Tips for Dealing with Heat Stroke
As per the gurus over at bellaireer.com, heatstroke is a condition that is caused by the overheating of your body, usually due to the prolonged exposure to high temperatures, or prolonged physical exertion to the same. It’s the most serious form of heat injury and is a medical emergency requiring immediate emergency care. It can occur if your body temperature rises to 104 degrees Fahrenheit or higher, and it’s a condition that is most common in the summer months. Heatstroke should always result in emergency care, by calling 911 as soon as possible as if left untreated it could lead to the damage of the brain, heart, kidneys, and muscles and could even lead to death. This article will look to outline 10 tips on dealing with heatstroke, which will include the signs and symptoms of the same as well as when to go to the ER, the cause, risk factor, first aid, and prevention of heatstroke.
Symptoms of heatstroke:
High body temperature and alteration in sweating
One of the main symptoms of heatstroke is high body temperature and an alteration in sweating. As revealed in discussions over at bellaireer.com, a core body temperature of 104 degrees Fahrenheit or higher, when obtained with a rectal thermometer, is the main symptom of heatstroke. Another sign of heatstroke is an alteration in sweating, where there may be a lack of sweating despite the heat and high temperatures. This is yet another warning sign of heatstroke.
Altered mental state or behavior as well as issues with heart rate and breathing
Another sign of heatstroke is an altered mental state or behavior, where one may develop confusion, irritability, delirium, slurred speech, seizures, agitation and even go into a coma, as covered in detail over at bellaireer.com. Yet another symptom of heatstroke is breathing difficulties where one may develop rapid or shallow breathing, as well as issues with heart rate where one may develop a rapid heartbeat, leading to a significantly increased pulse.
Nausea and vomiting, flushed skin, headache and dizziness
Other symptoms of heat stroke include nausea and vomiting as well as flushed skin where your skin may turn red, hot, and dry as your body temperature rises. You may also experience a throbbing headache as well as dizziness and lightheadedness. Other symptoms of heatstroke include muscle weakness or cramps and a loss of consciousness.
When and where to seek medical help:
Heatstroke requires emergency care
Another important tip as far as dealing with stroke is concerned is as pertains to where to seek medical help for the same. Here, according to the gurus over at bellaireer.com, if you think, based on the symptoms discussed above, that someone is suffering from heatstroke, then you should seek immediate emergency care by dialing 911 or transporting them to an ER near you as soon as possible. Remember, heatstroke is a medical emergency and should be taken very seriously.
First aid for heatstroke:
If you have called 911 and are waiting for paramedics, you must take action to cool the person suffering from heatstroke, which is where the following tips on first aid for heatstroke come in handy.
Get the person into a cool area and loosen clothing
The first thing to do as far as first aid for heatstroke is concerned is to get the affected person into shade or indoors. As per the gurus over at bellaireer.com, this ensures that they don’t continue being exposed to the high temperatures that resulted in their heatstroke. You should also loosen their clothing, and remove any excess clothing while at it.
Try to cool the affected person
Once you’ve gotten them indoors and have loosened and removed excess clothing, the next tip is to try and cool the person with whatever is available to you. This, as per discussions over at bellaireer.com, includes fanning them while misting their skin with cool water or applying cool water with a sponge, spraying them with a garden hose, putting them in a cool tub of water or a cool shower. If the person suffered heatstroke while exercising and they are young and healthy, you could also cool them by applying ice packs to their armpits, groin, neck, and back. This is because these areas of the body are rich in blood vessels that are close to the skin and as such cooling them may reduce body temperature. However, it is important to note that you shouldn’t use ice for older patients, young children or patients with chronic illnesses, as well as anyone whose heatstroke didn’t occur with vigorous exercise as this can be dangerous to them.
Causes of heatstroke:
Exposure to a hot environment or strenuous physical activity
There are two main causes of heatstroke: exposure to a hot environment and engaging in strenuous physical activity. As per the gurus over at bellaireer.com, heatstroke due to exposure to a hot environment is also called non-exertional or classic heatstroke and it usually occurs after prolonged exposure to hot and humid weather. Heatstroke due to strenuous activity is referred to as exertional heatstroke and is caused by an increase in the core body temperature as a result of intense physical activity in hot weather, either due to one exercising or working in hot weather. In both these types of heatstroke, wearing excess clothing, drinking alcohol, or dehydration can result in you developing heat stroke.
Risk factors for heatstroke:
Age, certain health conditions, exertion in and exposure to hot weather and a lack of air conditioning
There are several risk factors of heatstroke, including age, given that the very young have a central nervous system that is not fully developed while in those who are 65 or older, their central nervous system has begun to deteriorate; in both situations, this makes the body less able to cope with body temperature changes. Exertion in hot weather such as military training or participating in sports, sudden exposure to hot weather like that which is brought about by a heatwave or traveling to a hotter climate, or even a lack of air conditioning are examples of other risk factors as discussed over at bellaireer.com. Certain chronic health conditions such as heart or lung disease or being obese might also increase your risk of heatstroke.
Clothing, sunburn, activity, and acclimatization
-One of the main tips to prevent heatstroke is to try and wear loose-fitting and lightweight clothing to allow your body to cool properly.
-Also, to protect, yourself when outdoors, apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 as discussed over at bellaireer.com. This is because sunburn will affect the body’s ability to cool itself and therefore applying sunscreen will protect you against sunburn.
-Also, be careful as far as activity is concerned, taking it easy during the hottest part of the day. If you can’t avoid strenuous activity in hot weather, try and schedule the same for cooler parts of the day like early morning or in the evening.
-It is also important to get acclimated to the hot weather before starting to do physical activity or before you begin spending more time in the heat. It can take several days or weeks before your body acclimatizes to the hot weather, so give yourself time.
Be aware of your risk and ensure you are hydrated
-To prevent heatstroke, also make sure that you are aware of your risk of the same and be cautious of you are at an increased risk. If you are at an increased risk of heatstroke due to underlying conditions, avoid hot weather and the heat and make sure you act quickly if you notice any symptoms of overheating. If you are participating in strenuous activity in the heat, such as a sporting event, make sure that there are medical services available in case of a heat emergency such as heat stroke.
-Another tip is to make sure you remain hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids as this will help your body sweat and, therefore, maintain normal body temperature. Since salt depletion can also result in heat-related illnesses such as heat stroke, you should also consider swapping an electrolyte-rich sports drink for water during the times where there are extreme heat and humidity.
We hope that the above discussion, covering various aspects of heatstroke from its symptoms to prevention will help you understand the condition better hence helping you in dealing with it, with more on this and other related topics to be found over at the highly-rated bellaireer.com.