Antianxiety Agents (Anxiolytics)
Drug trade/ Generic names
-Most widely prescribed in the world.
-Concerns of physiological dependence.
-Treatment with BZs generally should be brief, during time of specific stress or for specific indication.
Bind to specific GABA receptor sites resulting in a calming effect
Ataxia, drowsiness, confusion and orthostatic hypotension
Teach patient – do not combine with other anti-anxiety meds, and do not take with alcohol!
Alcohol and BZ’s together can cause extreme sedation.
Bind selectively to GABA receptor sites
Amnesia, ataxia, rapid onset
Take just before going to bed.
Not clearly understood; appears to be a serotonin agonist.
Takes 2-4 weeks for full therapeutic effect so cannot be taken prn (when necessary).
Headache, dizziness, light-headedness, nausea and insomnia.
(Not associated with sedation or withdrawal symptoms)
Take as directed; stand slowly.