Behaviors described as anxious or fearful

Cluster C

Behaviors described as anxious or fearful

  1. Avoidant personality disorder
  2. Dependent personality disorder
  3. Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

Avoidant Personality Disorder

  • Extremely sensitive to rejection and consequently may lead a very socially withdrawn life. It is not that he or she is asocial; in fact, there may be a strong desire for companionship.
    • Extreme anxiety
    • Fear of social and intimate relationships
    • Highly sensitive to rejection
    • Isolated
    • Longs for relationships
  • Contributing factors are most likely a combination of biological, genetic, and psychosocial influences like childhood trauma or neglect leading to fears of abandonment or to viewing the world as a hostile and dangerous place.

Dependent Personality Disorder

  • Characterized by lack of self-confidence and extreme reliance on others to take responsibility for them, sometimes to the point of intense discomfort with being alone for even a brief period
    • Over-reliance on others
    • Unable to make decisions and expect others to make them
    • May prefer abusive relationships to being alone
    • Tend to agree with others rather than state a different opinion
  • Dependency is fostered in infancy when stimulation and nurturance are experienced exclusively from one source

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

  • Individuals with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder are very serious and formal and have difficulty expressing emotions.
    • Extremely rigid and controlling
    • Perfectionistic
    • Overly organized
    • Pays extreme attention to detail in an exaggerated manner
  • Genetic vulnerability may be a predisposing factor because it is noted to occur more frequently in first-degree biological relatives than in the general population