Prostate Health

How Men Can Improve their Prostate Health

As men get older they experience prostate problems and sometimes prostate cancer. Actually the statistics are shocking – 1 in 6 American men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during their lifetimes. The good news is that men can lower their risk and improve their prostate health with sensible lifestyle decisions.

Things Men Can’t Control

Family history – if a man has a close male relative with a history of prostate cancer then he is at higher risk
Naturally high testosterone levels – also includes men on testosterone therapy – this is a higher risk factor
Ethnicity – African American men have a higher risk factor than other ethnicities

Things Men Can Control

  • Smoking – quit smoking; smoking will greatly increase your risk factor for prostate and other cancers
  • Alcohol – quit drinking or severely limit your alcohol intake
  • Coffee – limit your daily intake of coffee to one cup per day
  • Exercise – an exercise program will improve your overall health
  • Kegel exercises – these exercises consist of tightening the muscles around the man’s scrotum and anus for a few seconds and then relaxing; 10 repetitions 5 times per day is recommended
  • Weight – maintain a healthy weight throughout your life
  • Diet – consult your doctor and / or a nutritionist; include foods with lycopene such as red peppers and tomatoes; include soy and fish with high levels of omega-3 acids such as tuna and salmon.
  • Doctor Visits – visit your doctor regularly for checkups; it is far better to diagnose any cancer early rather than later

New Cancer Treatments

New Cancer Treatments

For the past several decades radiation and chemotherapy were the cancer treatments most often used by doctors. These treatment tools were often referred to as “shotgun” approaches because they would harm and kill healthy cells as well as cancer cells. But as we have seen throughout history, new technology will provide new tools – in this case, new cancer treatments. These new cancer treatments are “rifle” approaches in that they only target cancer cells and do very little or no harm to healthy cells. These new treatments will and are changing how doctors treat their cancer patients.

The United States accounts for more than 50% of the new cancer cases reported worldwide. In the next 15 years some experts are predicting that the number of people diagnosed with cancer worldwide will increase by almost a factor or ten. Obviously new treatment tools in the battle against cancer is important not only in the United States but for other around the globe.

The Most Promising new Cancer Treatments

  • Antibody-drug Conjugates
  • Immunotherapy
  • Signaling Pathways

Antibody-drug Conjugates (ADCs) are also referred to as “smart bombs” or “cancer smart bombs.” ADCs are antibodies that have been modified by scientists and they are designed to identify and kill cancer cells with a chemotoxin (the bomb). Other versions of ADCs use other strategies to assist in the killing of cancer cells. Some ADCs will 1) block the growth signals of the cancer cells, and 2) help identify the cancer cells for the patient’s immune system. Some ADCs under development possess a “triple threat” to cancer cells – chemotoxin, blocking cancer growth signals, and identification of cancer cells for the patient’s immune system

Immunotherapy is a strategy that helps a patient’s immune system recognize cancer cells and then kill them. One of the major problems in the battle against cancer is that the body’s immune system has trouble finding and identifying cancer cells among the healthy cells. Immunotherapy holds great promise because it is the body’s immune system killing the cancer cells, not a foreign toxin. Immunotherapy is currently delivered as a vaccine and is being tested in prostate, breast, lung, cervical, and head cancers.

Signaling Pathways are normal pathways that the body uses to regulate cell death, which is a normal function and leads to the generation of new cells. However, cancer can “hijack” these signaling pathways in their quest to reproduce and spread. New Signaling Pathways treatments are designed to prevent cancer cells from “hijacking” this normal body function.

It will take time to develop these and other new cancer treatments. However, their potential to help cancer patients is exciting and huge.

Often cancer patients will experience chronic pain. Call us about your pain treatment options.

Nuevos Tratamientos del Cáncer

En los últimos decenios la radiación y la quimioterapia fueron los tratamientos contra el cáncer más frecuentemente utilizados por los médicos. Estas herramientas de tratamiento se refieren a menudo como enfoques “escopeta,” ya que dañarían y matar a las células sanas como a las células cancerosas. Pero como hemos visto a lo largo de la historia, la nueva tecnología proporcionará nuevas herramientas – en este caso , los nuevos tratamientos para el cáncer . Estos nuevos tratamientos contra el cáncer son “rifle” enfoques en cuanto a que sólo atacan a las células cancerosas y hacen muy poco o ningún daño a las células sanas . Estos nuevos tratamientos van y están cambiando cómo los médicos tratan a sus pacientes con cáncer.

Los Estados Unidos representa más del 50% de los nuevos casos de cáncer reportados en todo el mundo. En los próximos 15 años, algunos expertos predicen que el número de personas diagnosticadas con cáncer en el mundo se incrementará en casi un factor o diez. Obviamente las nuevas herramientas de tratamiento en la lucha contra el cáncer es importante, no sólo en los Estados Unidos, pero para otros en todo el mundo .

Los más prometedores nuevos Tratamientos del Cáncer

  • Antibody-drug Conjugates
  • Immunotherapy
  • Signaling Pathways

Antibody-drug Conjugates (ADCs) también se les conoce como “bombas inteligentes ” o “bombas inteligentes de cáncer . ” ADCs son anticuerpos que han sido modificados por los científicos y que están diseñados para identificar y eliminar las células cancerosas con una quimioquina ( la bomba ) . Otras versiones de ADC utilizan otras estrategias para ayudar en la destrucción de células cancerosas. Algunos ADCS 1 ) bloquear las señales de crecimiento de las células cancerosas , y 2 ) ayudar a identificar las células de cáncer para el sistema inmunológico del paciente . Algunos ADC en desarrollo poseen un ” triple amenaza ” a las células cancerosas – quimioquina , bloquea las señales de crecimiento del cáncer , y la identificación de las células cancerosas para el sistema inmunológico del paciente.

Immunotherapy es una estrategia que ayuda al sistema inmune del paciente reconozca las células cancerosas y luego matarlos. Uno de los principales problemas en la batalla contra el cáncer es que el sistema inmunológico del cuerpo tiene problemas para encontrar e identificar las células de cáncer entre las células sanas. La inmunoterapia es muy prometedor , ya que es el sistema inmunológico del cuerpo destruye las células cancerosas , y no una toxina externa. La inmunoterapia es actualmente suministrada como una vacuna y se está probando en la próstata, de mama, de pulmón, de cuello de útero, y cánceres de cabeza.

Signaling Pathways son las vías normales que el cuerpo utiliza para regular la muerte celular , que es una función normal y conduce a la generación de nuevas células . Sin embargo , el cáncer puede ” secuestrar ” estas vías de señalización en su búsqueda para reproducirse y extenderse. Tratamientos Nueva vías de señalización están diseñados para evitar que las células cancerosas de la función normal del cuerpo “secuestro.”

Hará falta tiempo para desarrollar estos y otros nuevos tratamientos contra el cáncer . Sin embargo, su potencial para ayudar a los pacientes con cáncer es emocionante y enorme.

Symptoms of Throat Cancer

The Symptoms of Throat Cancer

Throat cancer discussions tend to include cancers of nearby tissues and structures. Usually people include cancers of the larynx, pharynx, and the upper esophagus under the term “throat cancer.” And sometimes thyroid and oral cancers are also included. All of these structures are interconnected so a medical problem in one area could spread to a nearby area.

Throat Cancer is more common in men than women because men engage in lifestyles that raise the risk of this cancer. I am referring to lifestyles that include heavy drinking and tobacco use, including pipe smoke and chewing tobacco. The presence of the HPV (human papillomavirus) virus is also considered a risk factor. An additional risk factor is a diet with little or no fruits and vegetables. Men between the ages of 50 and 70 years are the largest category of throat cancer patients. The symptoms of throat cancer are the same in women as in men.

  • A lump in the throat
  • A cough
  • A cough with blood
  • Hoarseness
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Discomfort in the throat
  • Ear or Neck pain
  • Weight Loss

The Good News

Most symptoms of throat cancer are usually noticed by the patient at an early stage of the cancer. Anytime doctors can diagnose a cancer in its early stages is a definite advantage in the treatment. Standard cancer treatments are available and include radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery. All of these cancer treatments are very refined such as minimally invasive transoral robotic surgery and radiation that delivers precise doses of radiation to tumors. It should also be noted that the prognosis and survival rates for most throat cancer patients is good.