Depression Nursing process: Negative Symptoms

Nursing process: Negative Symptoms

  • Affect: The feeling state or emotional tone
    • Inappropriate affect: Emotions are incongruent with the circumstances
    • Bland: Weak emotional tone
    • Flat: Appears to be void of emotional tone
    • Apathy: Disinterest in the environment
  • Avolition: Impairment in the ability to initiate goal-directed activity
    • Emotional ambivalence: Coexistence of opposite emotions toward same object, person, or situation
    • Deterioration in appearance: Impaired personal  grooming and self-care activities
  • Impaired interpersonal functioning and relationship to the external world
    • Impaired social interaction: Clinging and intruding on the personal space of others, exhibiting behaviors that are not culturally and socially acceptable
    • Social isolation: A focus inward on the self to the exclusion of the external environment
  • Lack of insight
    • Anergia: deficiency of energy
    • Anhedonia: Inability to experience pleasure
  • Lack of abstract thinking ability
  • Associated features
    • Waxy flexibility: Passive yielding of all movable parts of the body to any effort made at placing them in certain positions
    • Posturing: Voluntary assumption of inappropriate or bizarre postures
  • Pacing and rocking: Pacing back and forth and rocking the body
  • Regression: Retreat to an earlier level of development
  • Eye movement abnormalities