Documentation is critical to ensure effective communication pain assessment tools
Multidimensional pain assessment tools
Critical to reassess at appropriate intervals, guided by
Physical and psychosocial condition
Type of intervention
Risks of adverse effects
3 categories of medications
acetaminophen, aspirin and other salicylates, and NSAIDs
Produce their effects by binding to receptors in the CNS categorized according to their physiologic action (i.e., agonist, antagonist) and binding at specific opioid receptors (e.g., mu, kappa, delta).
Analgesic adjuvants are drugs that can be used alone or in conjunction with opioid and non-opioid analgesics.
Generally, these agents were developed for other purposes (e.g., anti-seizure drugs, antidepressants) and found to be effective for treating pain.