Guidance during the infant’s first year

    • Guidance during the infant’s first year
      • First 6 Months
        • Teach parents car safety with use of federally approved restraint, facing rearward, in the middle of the back seat—not in a front seat with an air bag.
        • Understand each parent’s adjustment to the newborn, especially mother’s emotional needs after birth.
        • Teach care of infant, and help parents understand his or her individual needs and temperament and that the infant expresses wants through crying.
        • Reassure parents that infant cannot be spoiled by too much attention during the first 4 to 6 months.
        • Encourage parents to establish a schedule that meets needs of child and themselves.
        • Help parents understand infant’s need for stimulation in environment.
        • Support parents’ pleasure in seeing child’s growing friendliness and social response, especially smiling.
        • Plan anticipatory guidance for safety.
        • Stress need for childhood immunizations.
        • Prepare for introduction of solid foods.
      • Second 6 Months
        • Prepare parents for child’s “stranger anxiety.”
        • Encourage parents to allow child to cling to them and avoid long separation from either.
        • Guide parents concerning discipline because of infant’s increasing mobility.
        • Encourage use of negative voice and eye contact rather than physical punishment as a means of discipline.
        • Encourage showing most attention when infant is behaving well, rather than when infant is crying.
        • Teach injury prevention because of child’s advancing motor skills and curiosity.
        • Encourage parents to leave child with suitable caregiver to allow some free time.
        • Discuss readiness for weaning.
        • Explore parents’ feelings regarding infant’s sleep patterns.