There has been a tremendous increase in the number of emergency rooms in Houston recently I am sure you have realized that there is almost an emergency room in every street. This is trend that is not just being observed in Houston but then entire country. Today, we want to examine the emergency room department in Houston in depth and provide a detailed look into the numbers behind the emergency rooms. But first, how many emergency rooms are in Houston?
How many emergency rooms are in Houston?
As of 2013 there were 40 documented emergency rooms in Houston according to the American Hospital Association. The emergency rooms included 10 stand-alone emergency rooms and 30 hospital emergency rooms. Since then, the number has tremendously risen and today, the number is estimated to be at about 70 when you consider the larger Houston area. This is just an approximation based on the available facts and the emergency rooms may be more or less by a margin of 2-5.
Now that we know the approximation, we want to take a deeper looker at the numbers that matter. We want to look at the total number of emergency department visits, and the percentages of the specific demographic that visited the emergency rooms. Here are the relevant numbers concerning emergency rooms in Houston;
Total ED Visits in Houston in 2015
During 2015, 1,619,554 ED visits were made to the 36 emergency rooms available in Houston. Of this total, 97.3% of visits were made by residents of the eight county area, and 82.7% were made by Harris County residents alone.
The number of emergency visits made in Houston that year, represented 68% of all ED visits reported to the Texas Department of State Health Services by all hospitals and emergency rooms in 2015
2. Primary Care Related emergency room Visits
Four in ten (39.7%) emergency room visits made to emergency rooms in Houston by the residents were Primary Care Related in 2015. This includes non-urgent, primary care treatable, and primary care preventable visits. These are people who need health care a basic rather than specialized level. Some of the reported illnesses here include colds, flus, back pains, fever, headaches and many other non-urgent conditions.
3. Emergency room Visits by Month, Day, and Time
The number of emergency room visits by Houston residents fluctuated very little on a monthly basis, with the fewest visits made in the month of June and July. The percentage of emergency room visits that led to hospitalizations was also relatively constant over the year. The peak day of the week for emergency room visits was Thursday. The percentage of emergency room visits leading to hospitalizations remained relatively level each day. Emergency room visits by children peaked at 8 PM, with a secondary peak at 11 AM-12 PM. Visits by adults age 18 to 64 peaked from 10 AM to 12 PM. Emergency room visits by adults age 65 and over peaked from 10 AM to 12 PM, then dropped during the rest of the day. Relatively few visits by children resulted in a hospitalization, in contrast to adults age 65 and over. This speaks volumes about the hours when
4. ED Visits by Patient Characteristics
Insurance: The uninsured accounted for 32.2% of PCRED visits and 26.5% of non-PCRED visits. Medicaid covered individuals made up 28.9% of PCRED visits and 21.1% of non-PCRED visits.
Race: Two thirds (66.9%) PCRED visits were by persons who were
Black or Hispanic, but only 55.5% of non-PCRED visits were by persons who were Black or Hispanic. By contrast, persons who were White accounted for 23.8% of PCRED visits and 31.7% of non-PCRED visits
Age: Children age 17 and under made up more than one third (34.5%) of all visits, and just over one fourth (26.0%) of non-PCRED visits. Adults age 65 and over were almost twice as likely to have a non-PCRED visit (16.1%) than a PCRED visit (8.3%). Three in ten (30.2%) ED visits by adults age 65 and older resulted in a hospitalization
Gender: Almost six in ten (59.3%) PCRED visits were by females and 40.7% by males. Of the total non-PCRED visits, 54.6% were by females and 45.4% by males. The percentage of ED visits resulting in a hospitalization was only slightly higher among males (13.6%) than females (13.4%).
There is a projection that by 2020 the number of emergency visits in Houston will hit the 2.5 million mark. This is attributed to the fact that more emergency rooms are coming up in the area. The locals are also starting to embrace the thought of receiving medical attention from emergency rooms. The cost of services is expected to come down as well because the competition for the available patients is expected to go high. The future of the medical industry surely looks bright if the numbers are anything to go by.