Infant Mortality & Child Mortality

Infant Mortality

  • Number of deaths per 1000 live births during first of life
    • 5.9 per 1000 in the U.S.
  • Leading causes of death in the U.S.:
  • Birth defects
  • Preterm birth & low birth weight
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
  • Maternal pregnancy complications
  • Texas has a rate of 5.9 per 1000

Child Mortality

  • Death rates for children older than 1 year of age have always been lower than those for infants.
  • A sharp rise occurs during later adolescence, primarily from injuries, homicide, and suicide
  • Five leading causes of Death in Children in the United States: Selected Age intervals by Rate per 100,000 population

Rank

1-4 years of age

5-9 years of age

10-14 years of age

15-19 years of age

Causes

Rate

Causes

Rate

Causes

Rate

Causes

Rate

1

Injuries

7.6

Injuries

3.6

Injuries

3.6

Injuries

17.7

2

Congenital anomalies

2.5

Cancer

2.1

Suicide

2.1

Suicide

8.7

3

Homicide

2.3

Congenital anomalies

0.9

Cancer

2.0

Homicide

6.7

4

Cancer

2.0

Homicide

0.6

Congenital anomalies

0.8

Cancer

2.9

5

Heart disease

0.9

Heart disease

0.3

Homicide

0.8

Heart disease

1.4

Childhood Morbidity

  • Illnesses severe enough to limit activity or require medical attention
    • Most common childhood illness is the cold
    • Respiratory illness accounts for 50% of all acute conditions
    • 11% are caused by infections and parasitic disease
    • 15% are caused by injuries