Is Your Allergic Reaction an Emergency?
Knowing the first signs of an allergic reaction can be the difference between life and death. Some people will notice the symptoms of the allergic reaction and shrug off the symptoms when they need immediate medical care. Anaphylaxis usually leads to death when coupled with delays in treatments. The symptoms of an allergic reaction typically vary from person to person. Some suffer immediate reactions while others will take hours. Also, some responses will show after slightest allergen irritation or intake while others will require excessive exposure to allergens to manifest on the person. Here are some symptoms indicating the urgency of an allergic reaction.
Some allergen triggers breathing problems such as asthma. The patient’s airways are blocked reducing the air intake into the blood. The triggers could be dust, pollen, some perfumes, etc. Once in the lungs, the patient’s body produces excess mucus in the airways. The patient may have shortness of breath, wheezing, chest soreness and persistent dry coughs. Usually, some patients will use inhalers to clear their airways. In the absence or delay of treatment, the patients could die.
2. Nasal Congestion
In some cases of trigger contact, the patient’s nasal ways may get congested by means other than mucus. Some patients once in contact with triggers such as dander from pets or pollen will experience skin irritation. It may start off as slight itchiness and build up to swelling. When this swelling goes untreated, it may spread to the sinus cavities. Breathing via the nose becomes a near-impossible task, and the patient will need antihistamines and decongestants.
3. Anaphylactic Shock
This condition is often described as an overreaction of one’s immune symptoms. The patient is unable to breathe normally and may experience vomiting. The patient’s lips will swell up, and the person becomes faint. Slowly, the allergy shuts essential body systems. Some of the common triggers are food based or from stings and bites from insects. Trying to pull out an insect sting only makes the situation worse as more allergens are released into the body. Anaphylactic shock is a common symptom in extreme allergy cases, of all types. It is life-threatening and must get immediate medical care.
4. Reduced Blood Pressure
Normal blood pressure is usually less than 120/80 mm Hg. When exposed to some allergens, the blood pressure will have a rapid drop from this value. The reduced blood pressure leads to lightheadedness, weakness, and blurred vision, etc. The sudden drop in blood pressure results from the production of chemicals such as histamine in the blood, after exposure to an allergen. They cause dilation of one’s blood vessels thus plummeting in the blood pressure. The sudden dropping blood pressure and ignoring of the symptoms may lead to shock which is life-threatening.
5. Loss of Consciousness in Egg Allergies
In some allergy cases, the patient will faint. Such loss of consciousness is life-threatening especially since the patient has no control over where they faint or for how long. It is common in allergies related to foods such as eggs whereby the patient’s body cannot handle the albumen in egg whites or handle the York. The allergy starts off with symptoms such as swelling of the tongue and lips, throat constriction, a rapid drop in blood pressure, then the loss of consciousness. Patients with such allergies an advised to always have an epinephrine auto-injection with them at all times. Also, they should stay away from foods based on triggers such as eggs.
6. Nosebleed in lactose-allergies
Nose bleeding is a typical allergic reaction to people who are lactose intolerant. When the patient has ingested dairy based food, the person’s nose will start bleeding. It will usually take a few minutes, and the bleeding will subside. In some allergic reaction cases, the nose will continually bleed for extended periods. In other cases, the nosebleeds will occur at intervals all through the day. The patient must seek medical attention as soon as possible to avoid excessive blood loss.
7. Food Protein-Induced Enter Colitis Syndrome (FPIES) allergy
FPIES is a common allergic condition in infants. It usually occurs after they’ve had foods such as sweet potatoes, barley, oat, soy, and peas. Two hours after consumption, the child will experience a lot of vomiting. It may also lead to diarrheas, a poor gain of height and weight in the infant. The child will need immediate medical attention.
8. Drug Allergies
Some people’s bodies will fight medications, common in drugs based on sulfur, insulin, anti-seizure and barbiturates. The doctor may test for allergic reactions to the medications from your skin. If allergic, the patient could develop hives, itching, swellings, and difficulties breathing. The Prescription amounts of the drugs can end up being life threatening when the patient has allergic reactions to the drug and doctor will prescribe an alternative medication. In case there are no alternatives, the patient will receive small doses of the trigger medication. With time, the patient’s body adapts to the drug and the doses can get to normal levels.
It is an allergy whereby the skin gets inflamed after contact with specific allergens. These could be a plant, jeweler, some clothing chemicals, soaps, nickel, perfumes, etc. once in touch with your body; the body produces histamines sensing an attack on the immune system. Slowly, the skin gets red and tender and in some cases accompanied by itching. In extreme cases, the swelling and itching weaken the surface shielding your skin and could cause grave wounds. Such allergies are usually mild and not an emergency.
10. Antihistamine Allergies
When dealing with allergy medication, it is essential to get a doctor’s prescription. Some people will use antihistamines to treat allergies after researching online. They will then continue to suffer another allergic reaction, this time to the antihistamine medication.
Bellaire is keen on keeping all their patients healthy. Apart from getting world-class treatment, they also ensure their patients are well aware of possible emergency conditions. Understanding the above tips will help you know when to seek immediate medical attention and when to settle for basic first aid.