Know when to Go for Chest Pain
Chest pains are quite often a flag to a life-threatening medical condition. Any pain from the upper abdomen to the neck is considered as chest pain. Unlike the theory that chest pains indicate heart attacks, they could also mean the patient has a problem with the esophagus, lungs, ribs and other organs in the above region. Among all these sorts of chest pains, there are some that will have the doctors on their heels getting you to the ER. Here are some of the conditions.
This pain coupled with a tightening or squeezing in the chest region. It occurs when there is insufficient blood flowing to the heart and is often assumed to be a heart attack. It, however, indicates that the patient could have a heart attack shortly especially if the patient has heart disease. It comes in stable and unstable types of angina. The stable one will often occur after the patient’s physical exertion trigger. Unstable angina, on the other hand, is an emergency as there is reduced blood flow to the heart for over 30 minutes without the need for a trigger.
2. Heart attack
It is a myocardial infarction, whereby the heart muscles are denied blood supply. The chest pains are followed by pains in the arms, jaw, neck or stomach. The patient will lose breath and seem nauseated with cold sweats. The longer the patient takes to get medical attention, the more severe the heart attack implications.
3. Pulmonary embolism
The pulmonary arteries help feel the lungs with blood. Pulmonary embolism refers to the blockage of the pulmonary veins, and in extension, the lungs lack a blood supply. A blood clot will move from the patient’s feet and finally get lodged in the artery. Apart from chest pains, the patient will have rapid heartbeats and run out of breath. In extreme cases, they will cough out blood. The patient requires immediate Medicare.
Pneumonia is a lung infection leading to massive chest pains. It affects people of all ages and is life-threatening. It’s, however, more severe to babies and the elderly as their immune system is less secure. The patient will have shortness of breath with heavy coughing accompanied by a mucus output. The chest pains are worse when one coughs and during breathing.
The lungs are covered in a thin connective tissue layer called pleura to protect the lungs from contact with the libs. Pleuritis is the infection of this layer leading to inflammation. Every breath becomes more and more painful once the pleura is infected. The patient may also experience a stabbing chest pain from the rubbing of the pleura and pleura or pleura and chest cavity.
6. Aortic dissection
This refers to the tearing of the inner aorta layer. The dissection leads to a separation of the inner and aorta layers. The section fills up with blood and eventually the aortas outer wall also raptures causing fatal bleeding. The patients will have sharp chest and back pains.
It is a condition whereby air builds up in the pleural sac, coming from the lungs or a chest injury. The disease is common to men than in women and picks on the tall and underweight people. In case of tension on the pneumothorax, the condition becomes more urgent and will need immediate drainage using a chest tube.
8. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
This situation is described by the tightening of heart muscles especially at the septum; below the aortic valve, between the ventricles. The heart walls stiffen, mitral and aorta valve give abnormal functioning affecting healthy blood flow. And heartbeat. The patient will experience chest pains during physical exercises and when resting after a meal. They will frequently suffer fatigue and fainting and short breaths. Their hearts will have palpitations or flutter in the chest. If untreated, the patients will succumb to death.
It is a condition arising from the backlash of stomach acid to the esophagus. The patient will experience a burning sensation in the chest commonly known as heartburn. When this pain grows to chest pain, this is an indication that the esophagus is injured or inflamed. The patient should immediately see the doctor as they may need surgery.
10. Pericardia tyemponade and pericarditis
The pericardial sac surrounds the heart, insulating it. The above disease involves the inflammation of this sac, and it mainly affects middle-aged men. The patient’s chest pain spreads to trapeziums ridge, shoulders, and neck. It sometimes indicated heart disease and cancer complications this needs immediate medical attention.
Chest pains could mean a heartburn or an underlying critical issue. The above cases however often indicate you urgently need to be in the ER. You will have less time to ignore or work through the problem. If diagnosis from your doctor rules out fatal cases, you can lead a healthy life, watching your diet and physical fitness for a healthier heart.