Pneumonia : Objective Data

  • Objective Data
    • General
      • Fever
      • Restlessness or lethargy
      • Splinting affected area
    • Respiratory
      • Tachypnea
      • Asymmetric chest movements
      • Use of accessory muscles (neck and abdomen)
      • Crackles
      • Friction rub on auscultation
      • Dullness on percussion over consolidated areas
      • Increased tactile fremitus on palpation
      • Sputum amount and color (Pink, rusty, purulent, green, yellow, or white sputum [amount may be scant to copious])
    • Cardiovascular
      • Tachycardia
    • Neurologic
      • Changes in mental status
    • Possible Diagnostic Findings
      • Leukocytosis.
      • Abnormal ABGs with decreased or normal PaO2, decreased or normal PaCO2, and increased or normal pH initially, and later decreased PaO2, increased PaCO2, and decreased pH.
      • Positive sputum on Gram stain and culture. Patchy or diffuse infiltrates, abscesses, pleural effusion, or pneumothorax on chest x-ray