Acute Kidney Injury : Possible clinical manifestations of chronic kidney disease

      • Possible clinical manifestations of chronic kidney disease

    Body System

    Manifestations

    1. Psychologic
    • Anxiety
    • Depression
    1. Neurologic
    • Fatigue
    • Headache
    • Sleep disturbances
    • Encephalopathy
    1. Ocular
    • Hypertensive retinopathy
    1. Cardiovascular
    • Hypertension
    • Heart failure
    • Coronary artery disease
    • Pericarditis
    • Peripheral artery disease
    1. Pulmonary
    • Pulmonary edema
    • Uremic pleuritis
    • Pneumonia
    1. Gastrointestinal
    • Anorexia
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Gastrointestinal bleeding
    • Gastritis
    1. Endocrine/Reproductive
    • Hyperparathyroidism
    • Thyroid abnormalities
    • Amenorrhea
    • Erectile dysfunction
    1. Integumentary
    • Pruritus
    • Ecchymosis
    • Dry, scaly skin
    1. Musculoskeletal
    • Vascular and soft tissue calcifications
    • Osteomalacia
    • Osteitis fibrosa
    1. Metabolic
    • Carbohydrate intolerance
    • Hyperlipidemia
    1. Hematologic
    • Anemia
    • Bleeding
    • Infection
    1. Peripheral neuropathy
    • Paresthesias
    • Restless legs syndrome