A lot of people alive today, owe their lives to a friend or a medical practitioner who had some knowledge on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Knowledge on CPR or lack thereof, can mean the difference between one living and losing their life. It therefore goes without saying that everyone should have some basic knowledge on CPR because the knowledge might be of need some day.
So, what exactly is cardiopulmonary resuscitation? What are the basics of CPR that everyone needs to know? Where can one learn CPR? In which situations does one need to put CPR to use? To answer all these questions, here is a look at the basics of CPR and why it is such a crucial first aid technique.
Basics of CPR
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a first aid technique which is use to keep victims of certain emergencies alive until emergency personnel arrive to take over. It is employed to keep oxygen flowing in and out of the lungs and to ensure that the blood flows to the other vital organs.
CPR can administered both by untrained persons and medical personnel. Depending on the person performing the CPR, there are varying levels and types of CPR. Here is a look at various levels of CPR and an explanation of what each entails;
Hands only resuscitation- this is the most basic form of resuscitation and can be performed even by untrained individuals. This basically involves the use of both hands to exert rhythmic compressions to the chest at a rate of about 100 compressions a minute to keep the heart beating and blood circulating.
Before starting to compress the chest, the performer of this procedure should ensure that there is no obstruction in the victim’s airways. The victim should then lay on his back and using the palms of their hands, the performer should use the weight of his upper body to compress the victim’s chest 1 to 2 inches. If the victim is a baby, only two fingers are used to exert the pressure and the compressing should be less aggressive. The compressions should be about 1.5 inches deep in this case.
This technique works by creating positive pressure inside the chest which helps circulate blood in the body. This blood circulates to the other parts of the body keeping the vital organs working. This technique should be employed in situations such as heart attacks, drowning and when victims are unconscious.
Trained resuscitations- these are resuscitations that are offered by trained medical personnel who are confident in their abilities. The difference between this resuscitation and the hands only resuscitation, is that the medical personnel here use both their hands and their mouths to resuscitate a victim.
Here, a medical personnel should administer medium rate compressions-about 30-40 a minute with alternating two rescue breaths. The performer of the CPR should ensure that there is no blockage in the airways before giving the rescue breaths. Before offering the mouth to mouth, the performer should pinch the nostrils of the victim and gentle offer the rescue breath.
Trained with external AED- this is CPR that is performed by medical personnel who are armed with an Automated External Defibrillator. The external defibrillator delivers a shock which is meant to jumpstart the heart.
Medical practitioners here administer one shock and resume with the CPR procedure described above. The CPR continues for two or more minutes and if there is no sign of improvement or progress, a second shock is delivered to try and resuscitate the heart. This is continued until there are signs of progress.
When is CPR called upon?
CPR is ideal for both adults and young ones except for infants who are only weeks old. CPR should be used if there is an emergency involving collapsing. Emergencies such as heart attacks, drowning, strokes, asphyxiation and any other cardiopulmonary complication.
Where to learn CPR
If you are looking to get some knowledge on CPR or want to acquaint yourself with giving CPRs, then there are various means through which you can achieve this. Emergency service providers in America hold clinics annually where people are trained on offering basic first aid procedures and you should attend these clinics.
You can also attend a first aid class. These classes don’t last for more than a couple of days and are more often than not, offered for free. You can also learn CPR basics by watching the numerous online tutorials.
Emergency Room in Bellaire
If you are in Bellaire and are looking for an emergency room for more information on CPR and other first aid procedures, look no further than Bellaire Emergency Room. We are an emergency room Bellaire offering high quality emergency room services to the locals of Bellaire and are looking forward to equipping you with knowledge on CPR and also helping you and your loved ones when emergency strikes.