The Preschooler and Family

The Preschooler and Family

  • Proportional changes
    • Age 3-6 years old
    • Growth slows and stabilizes in pre-school years 
    • Average weight (average weight gain per year 2-3 kg)
      • 14.5 kg (32 pounds) – 3 years 
      • 16.7 kg (36.8 pounds) – 4 years 
      • 18.7 kg (41.5 pounds) – 5 years 
    • Average height 
      • 95 cm (37.5 inch) – 3 years
      • 103 cm (40.5 inch) – 4 years 
      • 110 cm (43.5 inch)- 5 years 
    • Preschooler is slender- sturdy, graceful, agile and posturally erect 
    • Little difference in physical characteristics according to gender
  • Body-image changes
    • Preschoolers begin to recognize differences in appearances, and identify what is considered acceptable and unacceptable 
    • By the age of 5 years, preschoolers begin comparing themselves with peers
    • Poor understanding of anatomy makes intrusive experiences (injections or cuts), frightening to preschoolers
      • Believe it is important to use bandages after an injury
  • Motor skills development by age
    • Walking, running, climbing, and jumping are well established by 36 months 
    • Refinement in eye-hand and muscle coordination
    • Gross motor skills

3-Year-Old

4-Year-Old

5-Year-Old

Rides a tricycle

Jumps off bottom step

Stands on one foot for a few seconds

Skips and hops on one foot

Throws ball overhead

Catches ball reliably

Jumps rope

Walks backward with heel to toe

Throws and catches a ball with ease

    • Fine motor skills development
      • Increasing skillful manipulation, such as drawing and dressing