Urinary Tract Infection : Acute Care & Ambulatory Care

      • Acute Care
        • Adequate fluid intake
          • Patient may think condition will worsen because of discomfort
          • Dilutes urine, making bladder less irritable
          • Flushes out bacteria before they can colonize
        • Avoid caffeine, alcohol, citrus juices, chocolate, and highly spiced foods
          • Potential bladder irritants
        • Application of local heat to suprapubic or lower back may relieve discomfort
        • Instruct patient about drug therapy and side effects
        • Emphasize taking full course of antibiotics despite disappearance of symptoms
        • Second or reduced dosage of a drug may be ordered after initial course in susceptible patients
        • Instruct patient to monitor for signs of improvement and decrease in or cessation of symptoms
        • Teach patient to promptly report to HCP
          • Persistence of LUTS beyond antibiotic treatment course
          • Onset of flank pain
          • Fever
      • Ambulatory Care
        • Emphasize importance of compliance with drug regimen
          • Take as ordered
        • Maintain adequate fluids
        • Regular voiding (every 3 to 4 hours)
        • Void after intercourse