Urinary Tract Infection : Patient & Caregiver Teaching

      • Patient & Caregiver Teaching
        • When teaching a patient and caregiver measures to prevent a recurrence of a urinary tract infection (UTI), include the following.
          • Take all antibiotics as prescribed. Symptoms may improve after 1-2 days of therapy, but organisms may still be present.
          • Practice appropriate hygiene, including the following:
            • Carefully clean the perineal region by separating the labia when cleansing.
            • Wipe from front to back after urinating.
            • Cleanse with warm soapy water after each bowel movement.
          • Empty the bladder before and after sexual intercourse.
          • Urinate regularly, approximately every 3-4 hr. during the day.
          • Maintain adequate fluid intake.
          • Avoid vaginal douches and harsh soaps, bubble baths, powders, and sprays in the perineal area.
          • Report to the HCP symptoms or signs of recurrent UTI (e.g., fever, cloudy urine, pain on urination, urgency, and frequency).
          • Consider drinking unsweetened cranberry juice (8 oz. three times a day) or taking cranberry extract tablets 300-400 mg/day for UTI prevention. (This practice may not be effective with every patient.)
  • Nursing Evaluation
    • The patient with a UTI will
      • Experience normal urinary elimination patterns
      • Report relief of bothersome urinary tract symptoms
      • Verbalize knowledge of treatment regimen