What to do When You or a Loved One Experiences a Severe Cut or Burn
A severe cut or burn, even if it doesn’t look like it, can be very serious. Don’t let the severity of these wounds fool you. Any kind of major wound needs to be treated by medical professionals to ensure that it heals properly and does not become infected. If you are not sure if your wound is severe, see your doctor or go to the emergency room as soon as possible to get proper treatment before the situation worsens.
Call 911 if you can
If you’re at home, call 911 and ask for an ambulance. If someone else is injured, follow these steps:
1. Stay calm
2. Assess the injury
3. Cover the wound with sterile gauze and tape it down securely 4.
Do Not Move the Person in Case of Burns or Cuts
*If you are alone with the person, call 911 and tell them what happened and where they are.
*If you aren’t alone with the person, call 911 and have someone stay on the line with you.
*Do not move the person from where they are until help arrives.
*Help stop any bleeding by putting pressure on it for 5 minutes. If there is still bleeding after 5 minutes, apply pressure for 10 minutes at a time until it stops bleeding.
The first thing that you need to do is stop the bleeding. If the wound is still bleeding, then use clean cloths and towels to apply pressure until it stops. Once the bleeding has stopped, then clean the wound with soap and water (you can also use hydrogen peroxide). Next, cover the area with antibiotic ointment, sterile gauze and a bandage. If there are stitches needed for more serious wounds, consult your physician about getting them done as soon as possible.
Treat the Wound Before Transporting
If the victim is conscious, call 911 and then follow these steps:
1. Check for signs of shock (pale, sweaty, confused) 2. Control bleeding by applying pressure with clean gauze 3. Clean the wound with soap and water 4. Cover the wound with sterile cloth or bandage 5. Apply antibiotic ointment 6. Transport victim to hospital
If You Suspect an Open Fracture, Don’t Move the Person
An open fracture occurs when the bone is broken and sticks out through the skin. This type of injury should be dealt with immediately as it can cause serious infection and even death. If you suspect an open fracture, don’t move the person. Call for medical help, then stay calm and follow these instructions:
1) Place a clean cloth over the wound to stop bleeding (if possible). 2) Elevate the injured limb.
Stop Bleeding With Direct Pressure
If you have a cut that won’t stop bleeding, the first thing you want to do is apply direct pressure. Use your fingers or hand, and apply pressure directly on the wound. If it doesn’t stop bleeding, try applying pressure with gauze pads. Gauze pads are also great for burns because they are sterile and won’t stick to the wound. Make sure you hold it there for at least 15 minutes without moving it so that clotting can occur.
Transport Only if it’s Urgent; Otherwise, Call an Ambulance from Your Place
If the cut is severe and you are unable to stop the bleeding, transport them as quickly as possible. For non-urgent cases, call an ambulance from your place of residence and stay with them until they arrive.